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     The framers of the Constitution took note of the fact that certain communities in the country were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of age-old practice of untouchability and certain others on account of this primitive agricultural practices, lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation, and who need special consideration for safeguarding their interests and for their accelerated socio-economic development.  These communities were notified as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as per provisions contained in Clause 1 of Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution respectively.

     संविधान निर्माताओं के ध्यान में यह तथ्य आया कि देश में कुछ समुदाय आदिम कृषीय प्रथा, अवसंरचनात्मक सुविधाओं की कमी एवं भौगोलिक पृथक्करण के कारण छूआछूत की आदिकाल से चली आ रही प्रथाओं और कुछ अन्य कारणों से अत्यन्त सामाजिक शैक्षणिक और आर्थिक पिछड़ेपन से पीड़ित थे, और जिन्हें उनके हितों के सुरक्षण के लिए विशेष विचारण की एवं उनके सामार्थिक विकास में अभिवृद्धि की आवश्यकता है।  इन समुदायों को संविधान के अनुच्छेद 341 के खण्ड 1 और 342 में उल्लिखित उपबंधों के अनुसार अनुसूचित जातियों एवं अनुसूचित जनजातियों के रूप में अधिसूचित किया गया था।

  Related Sites
   Ministry of Tribal Affairs
   Ministry of Rural Development
   National Commission For Sheduled Castes
   RTI Act, 2005
   National Voters Service Portal NVSP
   Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
   National Crime Records Bureau
   Deaprtment of Personnel and Training
   Registrar General of India Census
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